Do solar panels pollute?
You may hear some people say that solar panels pollute. In reality, their impact on the environment is largely positive.
If you look at their entire life cycle, photovoltaic panels have a positive impact on the environment. They produce far more green energy than is required to manufacture them.
A solar panel can compensate for its energy debt in a few years of operation, over a lifespan that can extend to more than 30 years.
The regulatory framework
The recycling of photovoltaic solar panels is covered by the European Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
In France, the decree of May 9, 2017 specifies that "the producer is required to recover the elements of its installation (photovoltaic system and elements ensuring the transmission and transformation of electric current) during dismantling and to entrust them to an organization specialized in the recycling of these devices.